Bobcaygeon was incorporated as a village in 1876, and became known as the "Hub of the Kawarthas". Its recorded name bob-ca-je-wan-unk comes either from the Mississauga Ojibwa word baabaagwaajiwanaang "at the very shallow currents", giishkaabikojiwanaang "at the cliffed cascades" or obaabikojiwanaang "at currented rocky narrows", or from the French beau bocage "beautiful hedged farmland".
The first lock in the Trent-Severn Waterway was built in Bobcaygeon in 1833. (source)
"Bobcaygeon" is a single by The Tragically Hip, from their sixth album, Phantom Power. The song is named after a town in Canada called Bobcaygeon, Ontario. The song won the Juno Award for Single of the Year in 2000.